Partial Knee replacement and Total Knee replacement
When you have a total knee replacement, the surgeon removes damaged cartilage and bone from the surface of your knee joint and replaces them with a man-made surface of metal and plastic. In a partial knee replacement, the surgeon only replaces one part of your knee joint. The surgery can cause scarring, blood clots and, rarely, infections and in Total Knee Replacement, the whole joint is replaced.
Both the knees can also be replaced simultaneously, the process thus known as Bilateral Knee Replacement.
Total Hip Replacement
Total hip replacement surgery replaces the upper end of the thighbone (femur) with a metal ball and resurfaces the hip socket in the pelvic bone with a metal shell and plastic liner. Total hip replacement surgery replaces damaged cartilage with new joint material in a step-by-step process.
The Hip Resurfacing
In hip resurfacing, the femoral head is not removed, but is instead trimmed and capped with a smooth metal covering. The damaged bone and cartilage within the socket is removed and replaced with a metal shell, just as in a traditional total hip replacement Spinal Disc Replacement
Spinal Disc Replacement
The use of an artificial disc to replace a damaged spinal disc that is generating chronic back pain. There are a wide variety of new products, procedures and techniques currently in development to enhance spine surgery, and many spine surgeons believe that artificial disc technology holds real promise for significantly improving the standard of care for many patients.
Spinal fusion is surgery to join together two bones (vertebrae) in the spine. Fusion permanently joins two bones together so there is no longer movement between them. Spinal fusion is usually done along with other surgical procedures of the spine.
Other Orthopedic Treatments
Bone Marrow Transplantation is a form of intensive treatment used to treat
Abnormal curvature of the spine (Scoliosis)
Injury to spinal vertebrae
Weak or unstable spine caused by Infections or tumors