In few patients who have almost lost their hearing ability or are profoundly deaf, an electronic device can be surgically implanted that provides a sense of sound. This device implant is called Cochlear Implant (CI) or also known as Bionic Ear.
The deafness or severe loss of hearing which is generally caused by some accident or damage to the sensory hair cells in cochlea can be improved by Cochlear Implants In those patients, they can often enable sufficient hearing to allow better understanding of speech.
The quality of sound is different from natural hearing, with less sound information being received and processed by the brain. However, many patients are able to hear and understand speech and environmental sounds.
Over the last few years the devices have improved a lot and the newer devices and processing algorithms and software strategies have produced better quality of sound specially in noise and patients can now even enjoy music, and even use their implant processors while swimming.
The high cost of the implant and post implant therapy is a detriment in the extensive usage of such procedures. But we can see a few patients who have also bilateral Cochlear Implants suggesting implants in both the ears. The ENT specialist after doing series of test on the profound deaf patients identify the right candidate for such implants.
IVF Treatment/ Surrogacy
IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is a process in which an egg is fertilized by a sperm outside the body. This treatment option is for those in whom all other methods of assisted reproductive techniques have failed.
Woman's natural cycle is monitored to collect eggs for fertilization. The eggs are fertilized with human sperms in a controlled environment and the fertilized egg is planted in the patient's uterus to obtain a successful pregnancy.
If the first cycle of IVF does not succeed there could be a few more IVF cycles performed to achieve sustainable pregnancy. At times, the patient's body does not retain pregnancy then a surrogate mother could be sought, who bears the egg of the patient fertilized by her partner's sperm.
Surrogacy is an arrangement between a woman and a couple or individual to carry and deliver a baby. Women or couples who choose surrogacy often do so because they are unable to conceive due to a missing or abnormal uterus, have experienced multiple pregnancy losses, or have had multiple in vitro fertilization attempts that have failed. The advantage of gestational surrogacy to the parents is that the embryo is created from the woman's egg and the man's sperm, so it is biologically theirs.
The patient's family along with them can bring a surrogate mother OR more popularly a surrogate is taken from the place of treatment. The success rate of IVF treatment usually varies between 40-60%, however these are just estimates. The doctor can only give a closer estimate after physical examination.
The IVF for Gay Couples/ single mothers is also gaining popularity and such options can also be looked into.