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CARDIOLOGY


Angiography

Angiography is a Diagnostic Test done under Fluoroscopy to determine the blockage in the Coronary or Peripheral Arteries. A radio-opaque agent is injected an the body and fluoroscope takes running images of the flow of that agent to determine the blockages. It is a 5-10 minute procedure done under Local Anesthesia.

Balloon Angioplasty

Balloon angioplasty of the coronary artery, or Percutaneous Transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), was introduced in the late 1970's. PTCA is a non-surgical procedure that relieves narrowing and obstruction of the arteries to the muscle of the heart (coronary arteries). This allows more blood and oxygen to be delivered to the heart muscle. Percutaneous coronary intervention is accomplished with a small balloon catheter inserted into an artery in the groin or arm, and advanced to the narrowing in the coronary artery. The balloon is then inflated to enlarge the narrowing in the artery. A stent is also now inserted the same way as the Balloon Catheter and expanded to the walls of the artery. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI or PTCA) can relieve chest pain of angina, improve the prognosis of individuals with unstable angina, and minimize or stop a heart attack without having the patient undergo Open Heart coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.


Time Taken : 1-2 hours or more depending on condition and number of arteries to be opened.
Duration of Hospital Stay: 1-3 days after procedure.

HEART VALVE SURGERY


There are four valves in your heart:


  • Aortic valve

  • Mitral valve

  • Tricuspid valve

  • Pulmonary valve

Heart valve surgery is used to repair or replace diseased heart valves.

Blood that flows between different chambers of your heart must flow through a heart valve.

Blood that flows out of your heart into large arteries must flow through a heart valve.

These valves open up enough so that blood can flow through

They then close, keeping blood from flowing backward.

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Time Taken : 3-4 hours
Duration of Hospital Stay:1 week.